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What are the 4 categories of Dizziness?

At some point, we have all had the experience of a temporary feeling of unsteadiness. This ‘dizziness’ typically passes within a few seconds; however, the term dizziness is an umbrella term that can mean anything from brief imbalance to a debilitating balance disorder.

There are four primary descriptions that can fall under the term dizziness. Lightheadedness, similar to what was discussed above, is that faint feeling. It can occur if we stand up to fast or can come on based on medications we are taking. Disequilibrium is the feeling of unsteadiness on one’s feet and feels unstable. Those who experience acute attacks of anxiety may also describe a dizzy sensation when triggered. Vertigo the sensation the either the room or self is spinning. Vertigo signals a potential problem within the inner ear balance (vestibular) system.

There are many causes of vertigo that can affect its severity and duration. For example, the most common vestibular disorder, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) occurs when tiny crystals within the inner ear become dislodged and end up in the wrong place. The gold standard for diagnosis is a part of a VNG test battery that involves placing a patient in a position that can elicit the vertigo. Although it can be frightening to trigger one’s symptoms, it is so important in order to understand what is causing their symptoms.

Balance disorders are complex and require specialized testing during the diagnostic process. We at Gardner Audiology are proud to provide dizzy/balance testing with referral from a medical doctor. For more information (800) 277-1182 or email

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Caity Rogers, B.A. Doctoral Extern

Caity Rogers, B.A. Doctoral Extern

Caity Rogers, B.A. Doctoral Extern

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